Hyperpigmentation is one of the most common reasons people see a dermatologist. It is a common problem that affects millions of people worldwide.
While hyperpigmentation isn’t always life-threatening, it can be bothersome and can affect the mood of an individual. If you find hyperpigmentation on your face bothersome, then you should consider a few options that can erase that harmless but irksome discoloration.
If you are dealing with hyperpigmentation, we at TABIIB would like to introduce you to all the options that can help reduce the discoloration of your skin.
Causes Of Hyperpigmentation
What exactly is Hyperpigmentation? Hyperpigmentation refers to the dark spots on the skin that develop due to the overproduction of the brown pigment melanin.
Many everyday things can trigger extra melanin in people and some of the most common causes of hyperpigmentation are:
- Inflammation – Pimples, patches of psoriasis, insect bite, cut, burn, or other injuries can cause inflammation that can send pigment-producing cells into high gear
- Sun exposure – Frequent or excessive sun exposure can cause dark spots in many people
- Melasma – Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause melasma(dark patches) in many women
- Health Conditions – Hyperpigmentation can also be due to Addison’s disease, an adrenal gland disorder that can increase melanin production
Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive cosmetic procedure that is popularly used to improve the appearance of skin tone. It can also exfoliate the skin and reduce various signs of aging.
During this procedure, a dermatologist or a skincare expert sprays or rubs fine crystals onto the skin with a wand. These crystals gently exfoliate the skin and remove the top layer.
Microdermabrasion might not be effective in treating hyperpigmentation in every type of skin. It’s best to consult a dermatologist to understand more about the treatment and its effectiveness.
2. Chemical Peel
A chemical peel is a procedure where a strong acid is applied to remove the top and middle layers of the skin. These procedures are used to improve the appearance of skin by treating wrinkles, spots, and overall discoloration. So if you wish to treat your hyperpigmentation you could consider chemical peels under the guidance of a certified doctor.
Chemical peels are primarily available in three different concentrations. You can choose the type you prefer based on the issue you are facing. Here is some information on the three depths of chemical peels:
- Light Chemical Peel – Light chemical peels are usually built to remove the outermost layer of the skin and treat wrinkles, acne, or hyperpigmentation. These peels are readily available in the market and don’t usually need to be supervised by a dermatologist or an aesthetician.
- Medium Chemical Peels – These peels remove the top layer of skin as well as a portion of the middle layer of skin. Medium chemical peels are more effective than light chemical peels in removing acne scars and evening skin tone.
- Deep Chemical Peels – These are strong peels that can reduce wrinkles, scars and remove precancerous growth.
Although some chemical peels are available over the counter it’s best to get a peel from a board-certified dermatologist for effective results. It’s also important to talk to a dermatologist regarding the risks involved with peels as they do irritate sensitive skin.
3. Skincare Acids
OTC products that contain glycolic and lactic acid can also be used to treat hyperpigmentation. These exfoliating acids can help tremendously with scarring and discoloration when added to the daily skincare regime. If you suffer from severe pigmentation issues you can try adding a few skincare acids to your skincare regime.
4. Laser Peel
Laser peel is a procedure that shoots concentrated pulsating beams of light onto skin to reduce hyperpigmentation. This popular method can reduce facial wrinkles and skin irregularities such as hyperpigmentation, acne scars, and spots.
Similar to chemical peels, even laser peels are available in different concentrations. Here is some information on the two depts of laser peels:
- Non-ablative Laser Peels – These procedures are used to increase collagen growth and reduce the appearance of wrinkles.
- Ablative Laser Peels – Ablative peels are strong peels that are used to remove the top layers of skin and improve its the appearance.
Even laser peels can also irritate sensitive skin. So it’s always important to talk to a dermatologist regarding the risks involved with peels.
Retinoids, derived from vitamin A are the gold standard products for the treatment of skin discoloration. They have an incredible ability to increase cell turnover and remove dead cells that clog the pores. Usually, available at various potency levels, they could do wonders for hyperpigmentation, acne, and wrinkles.
If you wish to add this ingredient to your treatment plan just be aware that it can cause redness and irritation in many. So consult your dermatologist or visit an aesthetic clinic before adding retinol products to your skincare regimen.
Hyperpigmentation can be treated in many ways. If you wish to find a solution for hyperpigmentation it’s best to consult a dermatologist to know more.