The human skin is the body’s largest organ, which is constantly regenerating. On average, cell turnover takes 14-25 days in your 20s, 30 days in your 30s and 40 days in your 40s. Due to this quick regeneration process, you can be left with layers of unwanted cells all over your body. If you want to get rid of all the dead skin it’s best you exfoliate your face and body.  

Exfoliation is not purely cosmetic, it actually improves the health of your skin. It also leaves your skin healthier and brighter as it gets rid of all the dead cells. By exfoliating, you are also ensuring that your skincare products work more effectively. As they penetrate your skin better, they start making a difference. 

Exfoliation also helps you control your acne breakouts, as they scrape away the dead skin and oil build-up. These two factors clog your pores and lead to breakouts. This will also help fade acne scars by stimulating your collagen production. It might be scary to scrub your skin with pre-existing acne, however, exfoliation is actually easier than you think. With various exfoliants in the market, TABIIB helps you understand exfoliation. You don’t really need to physically scrub your skin to remove all those dead cells. 

Methods To Exfoliate Your Face 

When it comes to exfoliation there are two main methods: physical and chemical. So before finding a way to exfoliate your face, it is very important to know the difference between these two methods. Physical exfoliation, as the name suggests, is the process of using physical force to remove the dead skin. Chemical exfoliation is the process of using gentle acids to dissolve the dead skin from your body. 

Now that you know the basic difference, let’s actually talk about the best method for your face. Physical exfoliation is the age-old method of using scrubs and brushes for exfoliation. Even though they have been in the skincare industry for quite some time, they can cause quite some damage to your skin. If you suffer from sensitive skin, physical exfoliation is a no go for you. The physical force can create micro-tears on your face and cause adverse damage. Physical exfoliation is idle for a few parts of your body but certainly not your face.

Image depicting a physical scrub that can be used to exfoliate your face

Chemical exfoliation might not sound scary, but it is, in fact, better for sensitive skin. The gentle acids dissolve dead cells without causing any micro-tears to the skin barrier. Now let’s understand the variety of chemical exfoliants available. The chemical exfoliators essentially come in two types: AHAs and BHAs. 

AHA (alpha hydroxy acid) is best for normal skin, dry skin or sensitive skin. They are water-soluble acids that remove dead skins and stimulate cell renewal rates. They also draw in moisture and keep your skin hydrated. AHAs are actually derived from natural sources and include lactic, malic, mandelic, glycolic and tartaric acid. 

BHA (beta hydroxy acid) is best for oily or acne-prone skin. They are oil-soluble acids that clear up oil-clogged pores and treat acne, blackheads, and whiteheads. BHAs can also enter oil clogged pores and eliminate acne-causing bacteria. The most popular BHA you can use to exfoliate your face is salicylic acid.

How To Exfoliate Safely

Using a physical exfoliant is pretty straight forward. When you use a physical exfoliant, start by cleansing your face. Then apply a small portion of the face scrub to your face. Gently massage the product in circular motions for the recommended amount of time and wash off with warm water. Gently pat your skin dry and follow up with your regular skincare routine. However, it’s best if you avoid any strong ingredients for at least a day after the exfoliation. 

When it comes to chemical exfoliants, it is important to follow the predetermined set of instructions they come with. These rules have to follow religiously. However, it’s best to keep a few things in mind. Firstly, you need to start with a lower concentration of a chemical exfoliant and work your way up as and when your skin gets used to it. Secondly, chemical exfoliation makes your skin susceptible to severe skin damage. The easiest way to tackle this is to use SPF every day to keep your skin protected.  If you have any skin sensitivities, you’ll want to check with your dermatologist before you exfoliate your face. Exfoliants can exacerbate your pre-existing skin conditions, so it is important to consult an expert before adding these products to your skin routine.

I am a content writer and I love writing on healthcare, telecommunication products, movies and more! When I am off the clock, you will probably find me exercising or binge-watching Netflix.

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