Determining a skincare routine is tough. It’s tougher when your skin doesn’t fall under the rigid umbrella of dry or oily but instead is a mix of the two. This type is called combination skin – where you have certain areas on your face which have characteristics of both dry and oily skin. Usually, people with combination skin have an oily T-zone i.e. the nose and forehead and dry cheeks and neck.
It can be complicated to build a routine when your skin requires different care but it’s not impossible. In this blog, TABIIB takes a look at what combination skin care requires plus how you can build a routine for yourself.
What Is Combination Skin?
We must first understand what combination skin is before building a skincare routine.
Typically combination skin has a mix of oily areas where you’ll see a bit of oily shine or clogged pores – usually the forehead, nose, and chin – and dry areas such as cheek, jaw or hairline.
Combination skin isn’t the same across – it generally exists on a spectrum. Some people tend to lean more towards oily-combination and others towards dry-combination.
A few ingredients that are suitable for combination skin are:
It retains and locks moisture and nourishes the skin barrier. Using a hyaluronic acid serum can lead to glowing, healthy skin. It also reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles and smooths skin texture.
Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant. It’s capable of boosting collagen production and improving elasticity in skin. It also brightens complexion and reduces dark spots and marks.
Lactic acid is a great exfoliator for combination as it isn’t too drying or oily.
All the above ingredients can improve the overall health and texture of your skin. It isn’t necessary to have an extensive skincare routine. Here are the basic 5 steps you can use to build an effective AM & PM routine for your skin.
A cream cleanser is a great choice for people with combination skin as it’s gentle with exfoliating. Cream cleansers are recommended because they hydrate and soothe the skin while also clearing it of extra oil and dirt.
Toner isn’t exactly a necessity but if your skin tends towards being dry then you can add this step. Toners essentially put all the moisture back into your skin which may have been lost during the cleansing process.
Ingredients such as witch oil, and tea tree oil are good options.
Again, not a necessity. But if you’re dealing with specific skin conditions such as acne or dark spots, using a serum with active ingredients can help target problem areas. It’s always best to use active ingredients and then follow up with a normal balancing serum.
4. Moisturiser with SPF
This is very important especially during the day. Using a moisturiser with SPF above 30 helps lock in all the layers you have applied previously thus increasing its effectiveness. It’s best to use a gel-cream moisturiser that is lightweight and fluid for combination skin.
Additionally, you can add another layer of sunscreen if needed.
Your evening routine is the time where you clear off all the dirt and grime that has accumulated during the day. The evening routine is best for using more hydrating products as they seep into your skin during the night.
You can use the same cleanser as per the AM steps or a different one. It’s recommended that you keep your cleansers the same though, to avoid disturbing your skin’s PH balance.
You can use active ingredient serums or just move to the hydrating ones. It’s preferable to use serums which have Vitamin C or hyaluronic acid to give your skin a fresher look.
3. Eye cream
If you suffer from under-eye wrinkles or bags, you can use a spot of eye-cream (preferably gel) and pat it in gentle taps under your eyes.
4. Night cream
Always use a light-weight, moisture intense cream to lock in all the layers. You can also substitute an overnight sleep mask in this step.
And you’re set! These are a few basic pointers to help you get started on your research for products. However, please remember that skincare is not one-size-fits-all. Different skin types have different needs and they require specialized treatments. If you’re looking to upgrade or revamp your skin, you can consult with a dermatologist on TABIIB.