Did you know there are different types of acne, too? Which means that it isn’t just classified by its severity.
What Is Acne?
There are small holes in your skin called pores that can get blocked by oil, bacteria, dead skin cells, and dirt. You may develop a pimple or “zit” when this occurs. If your skin is repeatedly affected by this condition, you may have it.
Acne itself can be very complex, from its causes to treatment, as it is such a common skin issue. You probably noticed, too, that everybody’s acne was different. That’s because of multiple forms and phases of its occurrence. This can also be different across different times of life.
It can be found almost anywhere on your body. That most commonly develops on your face, back, neck, chest, and shoulders.
What Induces Acne?
Acne happens when there is oil, dead skin, or bacteria blocking the pores of your skin. The opening to a follicle is each pore of your skin. The follicle is composed of a sebaceous (oil) gland and hair.
Sebum (blood), which moves up the hair, out of the pores, and onto your skin, is released by the oil gland. The sebum keeps the skin soft and lubricated. One or more problems can cause acne in this lubrication process. It can take place when:
- Your follicles contain too much oil.
- In your pores, dead skin cells collect in
- Bacteria accumulate in your pores
Such conditions lead to the growth of pimples. When bacteria grow in a clogged pore, a pimple develops and the oil does not escape.
Risk Factors For Acne Formation
Myths are quite prominent on what causes acne. Many people assume that it would lead to acne with foods such as chocolate or French fries. Although these arguments may not have any scientific evidence, there are some risk factors for the development of acne. They include:
- Puberty or pregnancy-induced hormonal shifts
- Any drugs, such as certain tablets for birth control or corticosteroids
- A diet rich in carbohydrates or added sugars, such as bread and chips
- During puberty, people are most at risk for developing acne
Your body undergoes hormonal changes during this time. These modifications can cause the production of oil, resulting in an increased risk of acne. Puberty-related hormonal acne normally subsides, or at least improves, as you reach adulthood.
To avoid pimples and clear up your acne, there are a few self-care exercises you should try at home. Home remedies include:
- With a gentle soap, clean your skin every day to extract excess oil and dirt.
- Daily shampooing and holding your hair out of your face
- “Using water-based or branded “non-comedogenic” makeup (not pore-clogging)
- Pimples that disperse bacteria and excess oil do not squeeze or pick,
- Wearing no hats or narrow headbands
- Your face is not touched by bare hands.
A few over-the-counter acne drugs are available if self-care doesn’t help with your acne. Most of these medicines contain ingredients that can help your skin destroy bacteria or minimise oil. They include:
- In several creams and gels, Benzoyl peroxide is present. It is used to dry out current pimples and to avoid fresh ones. Benzoyl peroxide also destroys bacteria that causes acne
- Sulfur is a natural product that is used in certain lotions, cleansers, and masks with a distinctive scent
- Resorcinol is a less common ingredient that is used to kill skin cells that are dead
- In soaps and acne washings, salicylic acid is also used. It helps avoid the plugging of pores
Sometimes, you may continue to experience symptoms. If this happens, you may want to seek medical advice. Your doctor can prescribe medications that may help reduce your symptoms and prevent scarring. Your doctor may recommend procedures to treat severe acne and prevent scarring. These procedures work by removing damaged skin and reducing oil production.
For Someone With Acne, What Is The Outlook?
Sometimes, treatment for acne is successful. In six to eight weeks, most individuals should expect their acne to begin to clear up. Flare-ups are normal, however, and may require extra or long-term care. The most likely treatment to have permanent or long-term beneficial effects is isotretinoin.
Emotional distress may be caused by acne scarring. Prompt treatment will, however, help stop scarring. Your dermatologist will also have options for the treatment intended to treat scarring. You can use our TABIIB website or app to book an appointment with a dermatologist in your area.