When it comes to skincare, there isn’t a one size that fits all. Usually, it all depends on your lifestyle, your skin type and a lot of other factors. Great skin isn’t just a matter of DNA (though that plays a part) – it also depends on your daily habits. Ultimately, what works for you may not work for others.

There are a lot of products to navigate through in the market and for beginners all of this can seem kind of confusing. The best way is to stick to the basics of skincare; the regular cleanse, tone, moisturize. TABIIB helps you figure out how you can build your routine:

3 Essential Tips To Remember Before You Start:

1) The most important point is to identify your skin type. It can be broadly classified into:
-Oily Skin
-Normal Skin
-Dry Skin
-Combination Skin
The kind of products you use depends on your skin type and preference.

2) The three main steps of any skincare routine are
Whichever products you choose should work in harmony together to give your skin the boost and care it needs.

3) With any skincare product, apply in order of consistency, that is from thinnest to thickest.
So essentially, the order of products would follow
-Serum (if you use it)

Now that you know the basics of it, let’s get into the details:

1) Cleansing

Cleansing is the first step to the routine because it’s always best to start with a clean slate. A cleanser gets rid of all the impurities and dirt and helps unclog your pores. Cleansing prepares your skin for the next steps in your skincare routine.

For Dry Skin:
Cream cleansers are the best for this kind of skin type as they’re packed with hydrating and nourishing ingredients. Since this skin tends to dry out and develop spots easily, it’s important to find a product that hydrates and moisturizes the surface of your skin. It’s best to avoid drying alcohols and astringents and look for ingredients such as hyaluronic acid and essential oils.

For Normal/Combination Skin:
Since this skin type doesn’t have a particular concern that needs to be addressed, a light cleanser will do the job just fine. A product that is gentle and absorbs easily into the skin is the best choice.

For Oily Skin:
Oily skin is due to excessive sebum production on your face. Since you want to strip away the excess oil without drying out your skin, it’s best to look for a foaming liquid cleanser. This cleanser when mixed with water lathers into a foam that helps unclog pores and reduce excess oil.

2) Toning

For most people, this step is optional. However, if you’re just starting off with setting a routine then toning is an important step. It allows your skin to get used to the different products and maximize their effectiveness. It’s better to think of toning as a supplement – an extra shot of nutrients to keep your skin healthy and hydrated.

For Dry Skin:
Look for toners with hyaluronic acid as they help to lock in moisture and boost hydration. It can also help minimize dullness and reduce sun damage.

For Normal/Combination Skin:
Toners with ingredients such as rose water and green tea are effective for this skin type. They can help reduce redness and irritation and keep pH levels of skin steady.

For Oily Skin:
Many people with oily skin prefer to not use toners as the extra layer of moisture can add to the sebum already present on skin. However, any toner with alpha and beta hydroxy acids can help remove dead skin cells and lower sebum production.

3) Moisturizing

The basic function of a moisturizer is to hydrate, soothe, and soften the skin. As we age, our skin starts to lose the ability to naturally replenish its hydro barrier. Daily activities such as washing and cleansing can strip the natural boosters from the surface of the skin.
For many, moisturizing is something that is a recommended activity all year round for all skin types.

For Oily Skin:
A gel-based moisturizer works best for this skin type as it is lightweight and absorbs quickly.

For Normal/Combination Skin:
A mattifying lotion is the best product for this skin type. The lotion has a slightly thicker consistency and the matte effect of it stops your skin from developing an oily sheen.

For Dry Skin:
Since dry skin needs a lot of moisture and hydration, a cream-based moisturizer is the way to go. To maximize its effect, dot it on your skin and rub in gentle, circular motions. This daily massage can help reduce puffiness and increase blood circulation.

4) Sunscreen

Sunscreen is the most crucial part of the routine. Consistent use of sunscreen can help prevent the development of fine lines and change textures of pores. For the best effect, it’s recommended to go for a product with at least SPF 30 protection.
Always apply a sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure and reapply every 2-3 hours, as necessary.

There are a lot of ways you can go about building a skincare routine that works for you.
To get more expert information on your specific skin-related concerns, book an appointment with a dermatologist on TABIIB. You could also refer to our section designed specifically for skincare on the TABIIB blog.

I am a writer, covering the sprawling expanse of healthcare, among many other things that I love writing on. I write on healthcare because I want to do my part in informing people about the health industry, When I am not blogging about research and medicine, I enjoy reading, playing squash and backpacking around the world.

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