One of the first things your doctor may do is ask you to stick out your tongue and with good reason. A healthy tongue has a warm, pinkish colour, and anything different might indicate an underlying health condition.

If you want to keep an eye on your health, stick out your tongue, and look in the mirror. Your tongue can tell you a lot about your well-being. People have been looking at their tongues since ancient times. 

You already know that your tongue is essential for tasting and digesting food, and for articulating speech. But did you know that your tongue is an integral part of several important bodily functions? So paying attention to its appearance and changes can help alert you about larger health issues early on. 

Doctors and dentists may examine your tongue at each appointment. Don’t they? A healthy tongue should be moist and pink. Your taste buds can make yours appear textured. You may even have a pale coating on the surface of your tongue.

Other colours may point to a health condition which we at TABIIB would love to shed light on because your health comes first!

Things Your Tongue Can Tell About Your Health:

1.Thick Yellow Coating:

The thick yellow coating on your tongue could mean that you need to take care of your mouth, practice proper oral hygiene, and clean your tongue daily. The thick yellow coating could be a result of body overheating or a bacterial overload. Bad oral hygiene, excessive mouth breathing, and fever are common causes of bacterial overload.

2.Bright Red Colour: 

You may see a formation of red blemishes or patches, which later turn your tongue bright red. This is one of the essential physical indications of anaemia. Apart from this, when the tongue catches on a brighter red colour, it can be a sign of conditions like Kawasaki disease and scarlet fever. A bright red tongue is also a symptom of a vitamin B12 deficiency, wherein your body needs to produce red blood cells.

3.Painless Bumps:

Sometimes there is a small bump like structure, either white or red in colour that appears on the side. These painless bumps may prevent you from using your tongue too much or eating food with ease. These bumps appear because of the formation of excessive acid in the stomach which usually stems from the over-consumption of fatty and fried foods. Generally, these painless bumps go away in two weeks but, if they stay more than that you need to consult a doctor as this may turn into oral cancer and other health issues.

4.Extreme Smoothness:

Your tongue has tiny hair-like structures known as papillae that provide it with a rough texture. A completely smooth tongue without a rough texture is not normal. This condition is called atrophic glossitis, which is associated with a nutritional deficiency. This kind of smooth tongue may also be accompanied by pain and tenderness.


Sores are also known as ulcers, are small painful formations on the tongue. They usually occur on the inner surface of the cheeks but may also appear on the underside of the tongue. Generally, you get an ulcer because of consuming something rough and sharp or even from accidentally biting. However, ulcers that stay longer than a couple of weeks may imply stress, anxiety, or a hormonal imbalance.

So, practice self-care to help alleviate some of the stress in your life. Your mind, body, and mouth will all benefit. You can always consult a doctor on TABIIB website or app to know more about your health. 

I’m a writer, poet and content writer; who covers topics under Nutrition, wellness and beauty. If I’m not found writing Or reading books, I’ll be surfing through Pinterest searching for books to purchase or binge-watching The Big Bang Theory on Netflix.

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