Diabetes is a very common disease in the world. It is caused by the process of digestion. Normally, food that we eat is broken down into useful compounds. One of these compounds is glucose, usually referred to as blood sugar. The blood performs the job of carrying glucose to the cells of the body. But merely carrying the glucose to the cells by blood isn’t enough for the cells to absorb glucose.
Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the U.S.
Diabetes causes severe health consequences and it also affects vital body organs. Excessive glucose in blood damages kidneys, blood vessels, skin resulting in various cardiovascular and skin diseases and other ailments. They damages the kidneys, resulting in the accumulation of impurities in the body.
It also damages the heart’s blood vessels increasing the possibility of a heart attack. Apart from damaging vital organs, it may also cause various skin infections and the infection in other parts of the body. The prime cause of all type of infections is the decreased immunity of body cells due to their inability to absorb glucose.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
Diabetes is a serious life-threatening disease but people may never realize how they get and what will happen to them and what they will go through. As Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which is identified by the high blood sugar level, some of the common symptoms are:
- increased hunger
- increased thirst
- weight loss
- frequent urination
- blurry vision
- extreme fatigue
- sores that don’t heal
In addition to the general symptoms, men may have a decreased sex drive, erectile dysfunction and poor muscle strength. Whereas, women can also have symptoms such as urinary tract infections, yeast infections, and dry, itchy skin.
Diabetes Mellitus can be described in two types:
1) Type 1
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is classified by a deficiency of insulin in the blood. The deficiency is caused due to the loss of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. This type is found more commonly in children. An abnormally high or low blood sugar level is a symptom for this type of Diabetes.
Most patients with Type 1 diabetes require regular administration of insulin. Type 1 is also hereditary from your parents. You are most likely to have type 1 if any of your parents had it. Frequent urination, thirst, weight loss, and constant hunger are common symptoms of this.
2. Type 2:
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is characterized by the inefficiency of body tissues to effectively respond to insulin because of this it may be combined by insulin deficiency. Type 2 mellitus is the most common type of in people.
People with type 2 mellitus take medicines to improve the body’s responsiveness to insulin or to reduce the glucose produced by the liver. This type of mellitus is generally attributed to lifestyle factors like – obesity, low physical activity, irregular and unhealthy diet, excess consumption of sugar in the form of sweets, drinks, etc.
You can develop type 2 at any age, even during childhood. However, this type of occurs most often in middle-aged and older people. Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes in the world.
Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to manage it and stay healthy. Sometimes people call it “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” These terms suggest that someone don’t really have diabetes or has a less serious case, but every case of diabetes is serious.
Diabetes treatment incorporates the lowering of glucose agents in the body. Physical activity is a necessary aspect, ranging from mild to moderate and in addition to it, there should be a low intake of carbohydrates. Oral Hypoglycemic drugs and Insulin are also advised as part of the treatment.
Besides, lifestyle modification is another important aspect that includes changes in physical activity, diet, quitting smoking and alcohol, effective weight management, controlling blood pressure, etc.