Did you know that over 4 million adults suffer from chronic migraine daily — with at least 15 migraine days a month? While migraines are rare, statistics indicate that headache of the migraine affects approximately 20% of the population globally. Furthermore, as migraines are frequently ignored or not registered by doctors, the real number is likely to be considerably higher.
We at TABIIB would like to explain the causes and symptoms of Migraines, and how you can prevent Migraines.
What Is A Migraine?
Migraine headache is a common and persistent extreme pain form of headache. The pain is usually pulsating, and it typically starts on one side of the head. Physical workouts, lighting, vibration, or physical activity worsen migraine headaches. The pain normally lasts between 4 hours to3 days. People suffering from migraines may be light, sound and even smell-sensitive which makes them nauseated and/or vomiting also.
It is estimated from the National Headache Foundation that almost 12% of the population have migraine headaches. This means that in the United States almost 40 million people have migraines. Women suffer migraines about three times higher than men.
Now you might have a question, Are migraines hereditary?
Sadly Yes, migraines are hereditary. Four out of five migraine individuals have migraine families history. If a parent has a migraine history, the child has a 50% chance of experiencing migraines. And if both parents have a migraine history, the risk increases to 75%.
How Is Migraine Caused?
Signals communicating between the brain, blood vessels and the nerves are the product of migraine headache pain. Specific blood vessel nerves are stimulated during headache and pain signals are sent to the brain. However, it is not clear why these signals are first triggered.
In the middle of the brain, there is a migraine “pain centre” or generator. A migraine starts if your blood vessel is powered by the overactive nerve cells. This causes prostaglandins, serotonin and other compounds to become released and causes pain to blood vessels near the nerve endings.
What Are Migraine Symptoms?
Headache pain is one symptom of migraine. The pain can start as moderate, mild or extreme. The headache becomes mild to severe if left untreated.
The pain can travel from one side of the brain to another, or it can impact the head face or feel like the entire head is affected. While most migraines last for 4 hours, serious migraines can last much longer. It’s usually normal for people to have two to four migraine headaches a month. However, some people may also suffer from migraine headaches every day.
Other symptoms of migraine headaches include:
- Sensitivity to light, noise and odours
- Nausea and vomiting, stomach upset, abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Feeling very warm (sweating) or cold (chills)
- Pale colour (pallor)
- Feeling tired
- Blurred vision
- Tender scalp
- Diarrhoea (rare)
- Fever (rare)
What Triggers A Migraine?
Migraine attacks can be triggered by a variety of factors.
Emotional Stress Or Worry
Emotional stress or Emotional tension is one of the most common causes of migraine. Some chemicals are released into the brain to combat in stressful situations (known as the “flight or fight” response). Migraine may result from the release of these chemicals. Additional emotions such as anxiety, concern, and excitement can improve muscle stress and dilate blood vessels. This can worsen the migraine.
Food exposure to certain contaminants and condoms. Certain foods and beverages including aged cheese, alcoholic drinks, chocolate, nitrates may be answered and food items may be fermented or wrapped.
Less caffeine consumption or caffeine withdrawal may lead to a headache in some individuals. Your blood vessels seem responsive to caffeine and a headache can occur if you don’t get it. Often caffeine itself is beneficial when acute migraine symptoms are handled.
Changes in women’s hormonal conditions can cause migraines.
You could ask, ‘Are migraines connected with hormones?’
Yes, Migraines may also occur when oestrogen causes menses to fall rapidly. Birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy can also induce hormonal changes. Migraines between puberty and menopause are normally worse.
Medicines, dietary supplements, lifestyle changes and surgery are used in preventive migraine treatments. Prevention in people who have headaches more than two days a week is advised. People who are not able to handle drugs used to treat acute attacks or those who experience serious attacks, which cannot be easily monitored.
The aim is to minimise the prevalence, pain, and length of episodes of migraine and to improve the efficacy of an abortional procedure. This is a common issue and can contribute to everyday chronic conditions.
You can always consult a doctor on TABIIB to know more about Migraines and their necessary treatments.