Your kidneys play a critical role in your body. They function continuously circulating blood and excreting waste products in the form of urine. Despite playing an important role in the human body, they are one of the most difficult organs to diagnose. People remain unaware that they are suffering from a kidney disease in most cases.
Unfortunately, kidney failure is a chronic disease that worsens over time. To this day, millions of people are at risk of developing it. When diagnosed, the damage is permanent and irreversible. Several signs can indicate kidney failure. We at TABIIB would like to throw some light on the types and symptoms of kidney disease and who are at risk of developing it.
Types Of Kidney Disease
A variety of diseases can damage the kidneys. They are:
Chronic Kidney Disease
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is identified by a gradual performance decrease in a kidney’s functions. This disease starts to develop over months and years to permanently cause kidney failure. A person diagnosed with CKD will require weekly or daily dialysis or in worse cases kidney transplantation.
Acute Kidney Injury
This is often referred to as Acute Renal Failure. In this form, an accumulation of waste products in your blood happens over time. This makes it impossible for your kidneys to function and maintain the correct fluid balance in your body.
It is an inflammation in the urinary system affecting your kidneys, bladder, and urethra. Women are more likely to develop this one. Infections can cause pelvic pain, increased urination, pain while urinating, and sometimes blood in the urine.
Kidney stones are mineral and acid salt deposits that develop in a solid-state because of concentrated urine. They do not cause permanent damage in some cases. However, if a person develops kidney stones repeatedly, it can be fatal.
Who Is At Risk?
People with diabetes and high blood pressure are at risk of developing a kidney disorder. Doctors typically advise such patients to get a bi-yearly blood test to rule out any kidney problems. In certain cases, a doctor might also recommend a urine test or an ultrasound to understand better.
Kidney disease is also inherited, which means that if anyone in your family has it, you can develop it as well. Most importantly, avoid taking medications unless a doctor has prescribed them to you. If you take unnecessary medications regularly, this could impair your kidneys as they are the first to suffer over time.
Symptoms Of Kidney Disease
As mentioned earlier, the kidney is among the most difficult organs to diagnose for a disease. In certain cases, patients are completely unaware that they might have a kidney disorder. Here are some of the most common signs that you can indicate:
- Blood in Urine
- Frequent Urge to Urinate
- Puffy Eyes
- High Blood Pressure
- Vomiting or loss of appetite
- Swelling on Feet